A Research and Demonstration Project:

Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program
on Neurophysiology, Cognitive Development,
and Health in College Students

Robert Schneider, M.D., FACC


Professor Robert H. Schneider, M.D., FACC, is a physician, scientist, educator, and internationally renowned leader in the field of natural medicine. He completed his fellowship in hypertension at the University of Michigan Medical School, did his residency training in internal medicine at the University of Michigan Medical Center, and received his M.D. from the University of Medicine and Dentistry, New Jersey Medical School.

He is Director of the Institute of Natural Medicine and Prevention, one of eleven research centers funded by the U.S National Institutes of Health–National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine.

Over the past 18 years, Dr. Schneider has been the Principal Investigator of grants from the National Institutes of Health and private foundations totaling $20 million to conduct research and demonstration projects on the Transcendental Meditation program for the treatment and prevention of hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and aging. These include the most recent award of $8 million by the NIH–National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine to establish the first research center specializing in natural preventive medicine for minorities in the U.S. The medical research program directed by Dr. Schneider has been called the largest systematic evaluation of prevention-oriented, natural medicine supported by the U.S. federal government.

Dr. Schneider is board-certified in public health and general preventive medicine and is a specialist in clinical hypertension. He has authored or co-authored over 100 scientific papers on the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and other chronic diseases, which have been published in cardiovascular and behavioral medicine textbooks and other leading medical journals such as the American Journal of Cardiology, Stroke, Hypertension, Journal of Managed Care, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Psychoneuroendocrinology, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Journal of the National Medical Association, and International Journal of Neuroscience. In addition, he has been invited to lecture on disease prevention and health promotion at medical conferences and specialty societies throughout Europe, Asia, Latin America, and the United States.

Dr. Schneider has served as a consultant for the U.S. Congress Prevention Coalition and for members of the British Parliament – House of Lords.

David Haaga, Ph.D.


Professor David Haaga is an educator and published researcher. He is currently a professor in the Department of Psychology at American University and a senior investigator of this study on effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on neurophysiology, cognitive development, and health in college students.

Professor Haaga completed his undergraduate work at Harvard in 1983 and his Ph.D. at the University of Southern California in 1988. His research interests include cognitive assessment, depression, addiction relapse, cognitive behavior therapy, mood disorders, and cigarette smoking.

He has authored articles in Behavior Therapy, Behavior Research and Therapy, British Journal of Clinical Psychology, Clinical Psychology Review, Cognitive Therapy and Research, International Journal of the Addictions, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Journal of Personality Assessment, Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, Journal of Psycho and Behavioral Pathology Assessment, Journal of Rational-Emotive Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, Journal of Substance Abuse, Psychological Assessment, Psychological Bulletin, Psychological Inquiry, Psychotherapy, Social Behavior and Personality, and Teaching of Psychology.

He previously served as the Associate Editor of Cognitive Therapy and Research (1994–1996), the Associate Editor of Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (1997–2000), and the Editor of Behavior Therapy (2002–2005). He is a current member of the editorial boards of Addictive Behaviors, Clinical Psychology: Science & Practice, and Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy.

Professor Haaga is a member of the Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy, where he served as Associate Program Chair in 1998 and Program Chair in 1999.

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